Regardless of age, gender, sexual preference, or sexual identity, one’s sexuality is inherently tied to one’s sense of well-being. Addressing sexuality (defined, for our purposes, as the sexual habits and desires of an individual) with our patients is an essential component of providing them comprehensive, compassionate, high-quality care. Despite this reality, providers frequently avoid the topic, stating that their hesitancy stems from a belief that their patients are uncomfortable discussing the topic. The reality it is just as often (if not more often), providers are the ones who are uncomfortable discussing sexuality. As such, it is essential that we consider our own reactions to discussing sexuality and examine the way these reactions might impact the way we care for our patients.
Prior to the session, consider your own views on sexuality and your comfort discussing sexuality with people of different ages, gender, sexual preference and sexual identity. I also ask you to consider your reaction to discussing sexuality with individuals who have sustained spinal cord injuries, amputees, those who have experienced trauma, and those with mental disability. How do you presently see sexuality fitting in patient care? How have you reacted to experiences you have encountered thus far with sexual overtones – such as conducting (or omitting) a sexual history in your patient interviews, studying the anatomy of the genitalia, and performing examinations of the penis, vagina, and anus? How might your context impact the way you would (or wouldn’t) address the topic with one of your patients? How might this impact the quality of care you deliver?
Objectives: By the end of the session on the topic of Sexuality, students will demonstrate the ability to:
- Identify one’s reaction to sexuality in various populations and consider what factors impact this reaction, to include but not be limited to:
- Your own or your patient’s age, impairment, gender, sexual preference and sexual identity
- Your own or your patient’s view of sexuality
- Your own or your patient’s apparent comfort/discomfort discussing sexuality
- The relationship of the individual to you
- Reflect on the source(s) of those reactions, including:
- your own experiences with your sexuality
- your beliefs and values regarding sexuality
- beliefs about who should and should not be sexually active
- how you perceive sexuality to be viewed in the family/community in which you grew up
- how you perceive sexuality to be viewed in the medical and/or military community
- Identify the implications (both positive and negative) of those reactions for your ability to address issues related to sexuality in the care of your patient(s).
- Illustrate a lesson learned about the topic of sexuality.
- Demonstrate a tool or technique that you might use to enhance the positive and mitigate the negative implications of your reaction(s) in approaching sexuality in patient care.
- Dr. James Ellzy
- Dr. Inger Rosner
There is no reflective paper due for this session. Please read through or listen to at least one of the supplemental materials provided. There are a wide range of topics around sexuality that we can’t cover in a 90 minute panel session but are equally as interesting and provocative for discussion. Be prepared to participate in the small groups!